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RESPONSE to article “Eating Only Fruit Might Be Trendy, But It’s A Really Bad Idea”
A recent article posted on refinery29.com has put together 3 major reasons as to why a Fruitarian diet is a bad idea. You can read the whole article here:
Let’s have a look through the article to confront the issues it raises and see if we can offer any helpful commentary on this.
The first problem with the fruitarian diet is:
Reason 1: “You need other nutrients”
This section, though recognising the many benefits of fruit, makes the claim that “fruit can’t provide all of the vital nutrients your body needs to function.”
This is true. But this is true of all foods and all variations of diet. The reason for this is that there are nutrients that we require that are not provided by food. Vitamin D comes from sunlight on our skin and vitamin B12 is created by bacteria. Other essential nutrients are created by our body once we have consumed the building blocks from food.
Therefore it is truthful to say that fruit doesn’t provide all of our required nutrients….but this is not giving the whole story. The author then goes on to say:
This comment implies that fruit does not contain protein. Although this is technically true, protein is not a required nutrient either as the body synthesises protein from amino acids. All whole foods, including fruit contain amino acids. The real question is whether there is enough amino acids in fruits to fuel our repair and growth?
Fruit contains roughly the same proportion of protein as does mother’s milk. Mother’s milk is the food we consume when we do the most growth in our life, doubling our body size in a short space of time. If nature has provided us with adequate protein in milk, then the amount of protein in fruit should also be adequate.
This is hard to disprove as cases of protein deficiency have never been found. Conditions which are confused with protein deficiency such as kwashiorkor only occur in situations in which there is inadequate total calorie intake. In other words, the person is actually consuming their own protein (and turning it into calories) due to a lack of food rather than because of a lack of protein.
No study has proven that a fruitarian diet is inadequate for protein in humans. Our best way to evaluate this would be to look at other similar animals that consume a fruitarian style diet. What we find is that these animals do not suffer from protein deficiencies despite their diet’s being almost entirely made up of fruit.
Reason 2: It’s restrictive.
In this section the author talks about the issue of restrictive eating. Restricting what we eat is difficult to do long term and can lead to harming our relationship with food.
Although there could be some truth to these things the consequences of not restricting our diet in some ways are very severe. We now know that people are much more at risk from eating to excess than eating restrictively. The number of people suffering from problems related to unrestricted eating is far greater than those suffering from restrictive eating disorders.
Therefore, it makes sense that we should to some degree restrict our diets. The alternative is to eat the standard diet that we know for sure contributes to the major diseases like heart disease, cancer and diabetes.
Though a fruitarian diet is difficult, it is made more difficult by the fact that we condition people to eat a poor diet from birth. If people were brought up in a different environment with a different diet, then no one would have an issue sticking to that diet as it would be second nature to them.
The issue to stick to is whether a fruitarian style diet is healthier. Though there is little research on people trying fruitarian diets in the long term this is something that will hopefully be studied more in the future. For now we can look once again to animals that share our biology, who all seem to thrive on a fruit based diet.
Also, is eating fruit truly restrictive?
How many varieties of food does the average person consume per week? Grains and grain based products, types of meat, dairy based products…it’s not a huge variety? A fruit lover can eat hundreds of completely different types of fruit each year. As the seasons change, entirely new fruits appear for us to enjoy.
Reason 3: It could be pretty bad for you.
In order to back up this claim, the author has relied on an anecdotal story of Ashton Kutcher’s attempt at eating an all fruit diet to prepare for his role as Steve Jobs:
“he attempted to eat Jobs’ infamous all-fruit diet to get into character, and ended up in the hospital due to low pancreas levels.”
There is no explanation here as to what “low pancreas levels” means. When someone goes to hospital, is it usual for doctors to test for “pancreas levels”? Perhaps they are referring to insulin levels but we do not really know.
This is a pretty poor source to quote from. Once again, there are no studies showing a connection between fruit and an impairment to the function of the pancreas. There are none showing a connection between fruit and pancreatic cancer (which Steve Jobs died from).
What is also unusual is that Kutcher’s former partner, Demi Moore, has been famously said to be essentially a raw vegan:
She is known to have worked with Dr Doug Graham, author of the 80/10/10 Diet and one of the main people responsible for the rise in popularity of a fruit based diet. It is unusual that he would not have turned to her for some advice on how to try this diet out.
“Additionally, for people with diabetes who can’t create or utilize insulin, an all-fruit diet could be harmful, according to the Cleveland Clinic.”
Any diet is harmful for a diabetic if they are not taking insulin. Therefore once again, this statement is a half truth. But is a fruit diet going to be more harmful for a diabetic.
What has often been found, though not yet fully studied, is that people on a fruit based diet actually require less insulin if they are diabetic. A great example of this is Robby Barbaro from “Mastering Diabetes”. Robby has been on a fruitarian style diet for over 10 years and has had no problems with controlling his diabetes on this lifestyle.
“So, if you’re still intrigued by what an all-fruit diet entails, ask your doctor — chances are they’ll tell you to stick to “an apple a day,” and a variety of other foods as well.”
Of course this is really what everyone wants to hear. Just keep eating whatever you are eating…move along, nothing to see here.
Doctor’s are not qualified to give nutrition or dietary advice. The diet advice out there in the world of healthcare is pretty poor and often not in line with the latest science on nutrition.
Much of it has been influenced over many years by the agenda and lobbying power of various food industries. This information has led to mass confusion in the public consciousness about diet.
We would encourage you to give a fruit based diet a try. Don’t jump in over night but set it as your destination and start to move towards it by making gradual changes. Many people start with fruit for breakfast, then they continue from there.
You may be amazed by the health improvements it brings as well as the change to your body, mind and spirit. If you want to learn more about this kind of lifestyle consider coming to UK Fruitfest taking place from the 21st to the 28th of July, 2019.
FullyRaw Kristina’s Top 3 Salad Dressings
Are you looking for some raw vegan recipe inspiration?
Looking for some new salad dressings?
In this video, shot at UK Fruitfest 2018, Kristina talks about her 3 favourite raw vegan salad dressings.
She know’s a thing or two about raw vegan recipes!
Watch more below:
Does A Raw Vegan Diet Cure Cancer?
Many people enthusiastically spread around the idea that a raw vegan diet and fasting can cure anything.
Can we really say this?
Can we be so confident to pass these ideas on to others?
We should be very cautious when we are providing people with any advice about their diet and health. In some situations fasting and a raw vegan diet will not be the only answer.
To give people false hope is a sad thing. Some people are so ill that they are beyond the point of recovery and all that can be done is to provide comfort for that person. A raw vegan diet should help with that but does not guarantee recovery.
Please be cautious with your recommendations. It scares me how many people I have met that think they can cure cancer with dandelion juice, cannabis oil, dry fasting and so many other things. They really have no idea.
We can safely say that a diet high in fruits and vegetables can help to reduce your risk of getting cancer. But once someone has cancer we have no certainty of knowing that it will help reverse it.
In this video, I discuss more about this:
Does A Raw Vegan Diet Make You Lose Your Hair?
Many sceptics of the raw vegan diet believe that there is a lack of nutrition in the diet. They are concerned that this could lead to hair loss or the greying of hair and point to various raw food leaders who have lost some hair or went grey.
Of course, if the raw vegan diet was the cause of baldness we would see very few bald men around! Baldness and greying of hair are not connected with nutrition but more to do with genetics. Of course when people are exposes to radiation through chemotherapy they can lose their hair but this is not connected with nutrition.
Is there a cure for baldness? Can any particular diet bring back your hair? If it could there is not doubt it would have been found already. If meat cured baldness then once again why are so many meat eaters bald?
In this video, founder of UK Fruitfest, Ronnie Smith, speaks about his hair going grey prematurely and balding despite being on a raw vegan diet. Watch it here:
Is Cooked Food Addictive?
There is no doubt that one of the most controversial questions in the raw food world is whether cooked food is addictive or not.
Most people who eat a 100% raw diet, or close to that, usually admit that they believe that cooked food (and even some raw foods) are addictive in the same way that other substances can be. They talk openly about their struggles with giving up cooked food. Many struggled for a long time before finally getting on a 100% raw path long term. Often, they will not eat any cooked food as they know that it will lead them back to eating a lot of cooked food again.
However, many other people laugh at the notion that cooked food is addictive. They may counter that if bread is addictive then fruit is addictive too. That we have a drive to eat and that their preference for keeping cooked food in their diet is nothing to do with addiction but instead it is a choice they are making.
Of course, it is impossible to really assess this properly by just taking stories and personal experiences into account. What does and examination of the research around this topic suggest?
Let’s take a look in this article and see what conclusions we can come to.
What is the definition of Addicted?
So that we start off on the right foot. Let’s be clear on what addiction actually means. Here are some definitions:
Dictionary.com, Oxford Dictionary
– physically and mentally dependent on a particular substance.
– having a compulsive physiological need for a habit forming substance (such as a drug)
Wikipedia (American Society of Addiction Medicine, and Eric J. Nestler, MD, PhD* )
– Addiction is a brain disorder characterized by compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli despite adverse consequences
We can also talk about addiction in an informal way. A person can be “addicted” to going to the gym, or “addicted” to running but these are more informal ways of using the word not intended to actually suggest the person has a true addiction.
So is food truly addictive like a drug or is it more likely that we simply love eating and are enthusiastic about anything we eat to the point of it looking like an addiction?
Can Food Be Addictive?
We commonly talk about people being addicted to food. We use words like “chocoholic”. Even in advertising we hear phrases like “once you pop, you just can’t stop”. Let’s look further into this:
Some researchers suggest that food is not addictive, the act of eating is addictive
This article, VIEW HERE, suggests that food is NOT addictive:
“Food is not addictive … but eating is: Gorging is psychological compulsion, say experts,” the Mail Online reports. The news follows an article in which scientists argue that – unlike drug addiction – there is little evidence that people become addicted to the substances in certain foods.
Researchers argue that instead of thinking of certain types of food as addictive, it would be more useful to talk of a behavioural addiction to the process of eating and the “reward” associated with it.”
It is clear that not all scientists agree with the notion that food is addictive. But when we look further into this it seems like the evidence in favour of the idea of food addiction is overwhelming.
Some Of The Largest Reference Websites In The World Support The Theory Of Food Addiction: WebMD, Healthline, Wikipedia
WebMD on Food Addictions
Full article: https://www.webmd.com/mental-health/eating-disorders/binge-eating-disorder/mental-health-food-addiction#1
Researchers at Yale University’s Rudd Center for Food Science & Policy have developed a questionnaire to identify people with food addictions. Here’s a sample of questions that can help determine if you have a food addiction. Do these actions apply to you? Do you:
- End up eating more than planned when you start eating certain foods
- Keep eating certain foods even if you’re no longer hungry
- Eat to the point of feeling ill
- Worry about not eating certain types of foods or worry about cutting down on certain types of foods
- When certain foods aren’t available, go out of your way to obtain them
The questionnaire also asks about the impact of your relationship with food on your personal life. Ask yourself if these situations apply to you:
- You eat certain foods so often or in such large amounts that you start eating food instead of working, spending time with the family, or doing recreational activities.
- You avoid professional or social situations where certain foods are available because of fear of overeating.
- You have problems functioning effectively at your job or school because of food and eating.”
Full article: https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/how-to-overcome-food-addiction#section1
“The truth is… the effects of certain foods on the brain can lead to downright addiction.
Food addiction is a very serious problem and one of the main reasons some people just can’t control themselves around certain foods, no matter how hard they try.
What Is Food Addiction?
Food addiction is, quite simply, being addicted to junk food in the same way as drug addicts are addicted to drugs.
It involves the same areas in the brain, the same neurotransmitters and many of the symptoms are identical (1).
Food addiction is a relatively new (and controversial) term and there are no good statistics available on how common it is.
How This Works
Processed junk foods have a powerful effect on the “reward” centers in the brain, involving brain neurotransmitters like dopamine (2). The foods that seem to be the most problematic include typical “junk foods,” as well as foods that contain either sugar or wheat, or both.
Food addiction is not about a lack of willpower or anything like that, it is caused by the intense dopamine signal “hijacking” the biochemistry of the brain . There are many studies that support the fact that food addiction is a real problem.”
Addiction And Eating Disorder Sites
What do organisations involved in treating addiction have to say about food addiction?
Eating Disorder Hope.com
“However, for many individuals, food can become as addictive as drugs are to a substance abuser.”
Food addiction can be recognizable by numerous signs and symptoms. The following are possible symptoms of food addiction:
1. Gorging in more food than one can physically tolerate
2. Eating to the point of feeling ill
3. Going out of your way to obtain certain foods
4. Continuing to eat certain foods even if no longer hungry
5. Eating in secret, isolation
6. Avoiding social interactions, relationships, or functions to spend time eating certain foods.
7. Difficulty function in a career or job due to decreased efficiency
8. Spending significant amount of money on buying certain foods for bingeing purposes
9. Decreased energy, chronic fatigue
10. Difficulty concentrating
11. Sleep disorders, such as insomnia or oversleeping
15. Digestive disorders
16. Suicidal ideations
UKAT – UK Addiction Treatment Centres
Binge eating disorder is a medically recognised disorder that is characterised by excessive eating over long periods of time.
A person who suffers from the disorder will typically demonstrate the following symptoms:
1. Compulsions to eat when not physically hungry
2. Routinely eating past the point of feeling full
3. Routinely eating more quickly than others
4. A tendency to try and keep eating habits a secret
5. Feelings of guilt after eating episodes
6. Persistent feelings that one is abnormal
7. Persistent feelings that food is taking over one’s life
8. Routinely attempting to compensate for overeating through dieting or purging.
There is no doubt that food addiction is a serious problem that can lead to physical and mental issues. Not treating the addiction only makes matters worse. A person who is struggling with food to any extent, whether through bingeing or compulsive eating, needs to seek out treatment right away.
How Food Addiction Is Treated
Although food addiction, as exemplified by conditions such as binge eating syndrome and compulsive eating, does share many similarities with other kinds of addictions, it has one characteristic that makes it unique: human beings cannot live without food. We can live without drugs, alcohol, gambling, sex, and so many other things; stop eating and you will die of starvation. Therefore, abstinence is not a cure.
The goal of food addiction treatment is to identify what causes compulsive thoughts and behaviours so that these can be managed. Some of the more common triggers of food addiction are:
- underlying emotional stress
- poor self-image
- more and stronger cravings for food
- a need for comfort that only food can provide
- an inability to say no to food when entertaining or being entertained.
Articles In The Media
The Guardian- Food Addiction: Does It Really Exist?
Rats can’t resist junk food
About a decade ago, a group of American psychiatrists studying obesity decided to look into whether some people’s anecdotal claims of food addiction could be proven. They devised a series of studies in which rats were offered highly palatable sugary or fatty food (they had the option of their regular healthy food, too, but that didn’t get a look-in).
Nicole Avena was one of the researchers: “We found signs of tolerance, withdrawal, craving and measurable changes in neural chemicals such as dopamine and opioid release,” she says. In short, it looked very much as though the animals were addicted to a drug, even tolerating “foot shock” (running over an electric grid) to get their fix.
There have been surveys on the foods people say they find addictive. Many of the human studies into food addiction have been based around the Yale Food Addiction Scale, a questionnaire used to determine whether someone could be classified as a food addict. One of its questions is about which foods the subject finds most problematic, and Ashley Gearhardt, the co-creator of the scale, has shared the top 10 nasties.
Top 10 Most Addictive Foods
From 10 to 1 in a survey these were found to the foods people perceived as most addictive:
– White Bread, Donuts, Pasta, Cake, Cookies, Chocolate, French Fries, Candy, Ice Cream
Notice that all of these foods are cooked or processed foods. Most have either additional sugar, salt or oil making these foods highly palatable.
What constitutes addiction anyway?
“This is a subject of ongoing debate. Avena and colleagues used the diagnosis criteria in the standard American guide for psychiatrists, The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. This stipulates that three of the following must have applied to an individual over the past year to qualify them as addicts:
• The substance is often taken in larger amounts than intended.
• A persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down substance use.
• A great deal of time is spent in activities necessary to obtain the substance.
• Important activities are given up or reduced because of substance use.
• Substance use is continued despite knowledge of having a persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problem that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated by the substance.”
The Extraordinary Science Of Addictive Eating – New York Times
This article talks more about the things that food companies are doing to make foods more addictive to consumers. This is includes creating flavours that hit the ideal “bliss point” but without being so focused on one flavour that the brain is triggered to stop eating.
Moskowitz’s path to mastering the bliss point began in earnest not at Harvard but a few months after graduation, 16 miles from Cambridge, in the town of Natick, where the U.S. Army hired him to work in its research labs. The military has long been in a peculiar bind when it comes to food: how to get soldiers to eat more rations when they are in the field. They know that over time, soldiers would gradually find their meals-ready-to-eat so boring that they would toss them away, half-eaten, and not get all the calories they needed. But what was causing this M.R.E.-fatigue was a mystery.
“So I started asking soldiers how frequently they would like to eat this or that, trying to figure out which products they would find boring,” Moskowitz said. The answers he got were inconsistent. “They liked flavorful foods like turkey tetrazzini, but only at first; they quickly grew tired of them. On the other hand, mundane foods like white bread would never get them too excited, but they could eat lots and lots of it without feeling they’d had enough.”
This contradiction is known as “sensory-specific satiety.” In lay terms, it is the tendency for big, distinct flavors to overwhelm the brain, which responds by depressing your desire to have more. Sensory-specific satiety also became a guiding principle for the processed-food industry. The biggest hits — be they Coca-Cola or Doritos — owe their success to complex formulas that pique the taste buds enough to be alluring but don’t have a distinct, overriding single flavor that tells the brain to stop eating.
Wikipedia- Article: FOOD ADDICTION
As we have seen, Wikipedia can often be innacurate with it’s information or biased. We always must use it as just one source and not the be all and end all. The sources used in this article seem to be very strong which is why we share it here:
“Food addiction” refers to compulsive overeaters who engage in frequent episodes of uncontrolled eating (binge eating). The term binge eating means eating an unhealthy amount of food while feeling that one’s sense of control has been lost. People who engage in binge eating may feel frenzied, and consume a large number of calories before stopping. Food binges may be followed by feelings of guilt and depression; for example, some will cancel their plans for the next day because they “feel fat.” Binge eating also has implications on physical health, due to excessive intake of fats and sugars, which can cause numerous health problems.
Can Fruits And Vegetables Be Addictive?
It appears that we are pulling together evidence to show that food can be addictive. When we look closer into that we see that the foods that are found to be addictive are exclusively processed and cooked foods. But are fruits and vegetables also addictive?
Researchers at the University of Michigan studied addictive-like eating in 518 participants . They used the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) as a reference. This is the most commonly used tool to assess food addiction. All participants got a list of 35 foods, both processed and unprocessed.
They rated how likely they were to experience problems with each of the 35 foods, on a scale from 1 (not at all addictive) to 7 (extremely addictive). In this study, 7–10% of participants were diagnosed with full-blown food addiction.
What’s more, 92% of participants had addictive-like eating behavior towards some foods. They repeatedly had the desire to quit eating them, but were unable to. Below, you’ll see the results about which foods were the most and least addictive.
18 most addictive foods and 17 least addictive
Pizza (4.01) , Chocolate (3.73), Chips (3.73), Cookies (3.71), Ice cream (3.68), French fries (3.60), Cheeseburgers (3.51), Soda (not diet) (3.29), Cake (3.26), Cheese (3.22), Bacon (3.03), Fried chicken (2.97), Rolls (plain) (2.73), Popcorn (buttered) (2.64), Breakfast cereal (2.59), Gummy candy (2.57), Steak (2.54), Muffins (2.50)
Once again we see a strong showing for cooked and processed foods. Animal products are among the most addictive also. However, we see no sign of fruit or vegetables in the most addictive group.
17 Least Addictive
Cucumbers (1.53), Carrots (1.60), Beans (no sauce) (1.63), Apples (1.66), Brown rice (1.74), Broccoli (1.74), Bananas (1.77)
Salmon (1.84), Corn (no butter or salt) (1.87), Strawberries (1.88), Granola bar (1.93), Water (1.94), Crackers (plain) (2.07)
Pretzels (2.13), Chicken breast (2.16), Eggs (2.18), Nuts (2.47)
We see clearly that the raw fruits and vegetables are all in the top 10 least addictive foods. The results here are a little confusing however. Water, for example, is showing as more addictive than crackers or pretzels! Some whole foods that are usually cooked are showing in the top 10 least addictive also. Salmon is showing as less addictive than Strawberries!
Broadly, the pattern we see here is that the raw fruits and vegetables are among the least addictive foods. Of the most addictive foods, cooked and processed foods make up the entire list.
The Opinions Of Vegan Doctors
Many vegans and raw vegans respect the advice of some of the well known vegan doctors. Whether these doctors can be truly said to be experts in nutrition is debatable but their opinion is influential in vegan circles. What do they have to say?
Dr Joel Kahn
Dr Joel Kahn is a cardiologist from the USA. Known as “America’s Healthy Heart Doc” he has been treating patients with a plant based diet for many years. In this article he wrote about animal products, sugar and fat as being addictive but also believe that wheat and rice have addictive properties:
6 Foods That Behave Like Addictive Drugs In Your Body
“Dairy– No food group has been studied more for opioid activity than dairy, particularly milk and cheese. The protein in dairy, casein, is digested into smaller peptides and there are a family of active agents called casomorphins. The desire for cheese can be blocked by the same medicines used to reverse drug overdoses in emergency rooms!
Meat- The blood in meat contains albumin, hemoglobin and gamma globulin and all of these chemicals activate opioid receptors. When meat eaters were treated with a drug used to block opiate receptors, ham consumption fell by 10%, salami by 25% and tuna by 50%!
Wheat and rice– Gliadin is a protein in wheat that has opiate activity and is sometimes referred to as gliadorphin. There is also a protein in rice that produces similar effects. If you can’t stop reaching for the bread bowl, it’s most likely because of this feel-good chemical trap.
Sugar and fat- Headlines worldwide last fall reported on a study in rats showing a preference for Oreo cookies, used for their high sugar and fat content, that was similar to providing the rats cocaine and morphine. Actually, prior studies in humans had already shown the opioid like effects of mixing sugar and fat (think: donut) that could be reversed with narcotic blockers.
Dr Michael Greger (NutritionFacts.org)
Many vegans look to Dr Michael Greger as the font of all wisdom when it comes to what is healthy to eat. In a number of articles he has confronted the idea of food addiction:
“Evidence from PET scans suggests brain activity changes from the overconsumption of sugar may parallel that of drug addiction. Diminished “pleasure center” dopamine pathway sensitivity in obese individuals may be analogous to that found in cocaine addicts and alcoholics.”
Circuits In Human Obesity and Addiction
“A reduction in dopamine receptors is associated with addictive behaviour irrespective of whether it is due to food or to addictive drugs. Dopamine is the neurotransmitter primarily involved in the pleasure and reward centre in our brain helping to motivate our drive for things like food, water and sex.
It was healthy and adaptive for our primate brains to drive us to eat that banana when there wasn’t much food around but now (with modern processed foods) this adaptation has become a dangerous liability.”
Can One Become A Sugar Addict?
Are Fatty Foods Addictive?
“People who regularly eat ice cream—sugar and fat—have a deadened dopamine response in their brains to drinking a milkshake. It’s like when drug abusers have to use more and more to get the same high. “Frequent [ice cream] consumption…is related to a reduction in reward-region responsivity in humans”—they’re talking about the pleasure center—”paralleling the tolerance observed in drug addiction.” Once we’ve so dulled our dopamine response, we may subsequently overeat “in an effort to achieve the degree of satisfaction experienced previously, which contributes to unhealthy weight gain.”
Consumption of a calorie-dense diet compared to the same number calories in a calorie-dilute diet leads to that numbing of the dopamine response. It’s like the difference between cocaine and crack. Same stuff chemically, but by smoking crack cocaine, we can deliver a higher dose quicker to our brain.
Rather than taking drugs, though, we can prevent the deadening of our pleasure center in the first place by sticking to foods that are naturally calorically dilute—like whole plant foods. This can help bring back our dopamine sensitivity, such that we can again derive the same pleasure from the simplest of foods.
Dr Neal Barnard
Dr Neal Barnard is known for his work with the Physician’s Committee for Responsible Medicine and also his book on reversing diabetes with a plant based diet. He has written a book on addictive foods:
Breaking The Food Seduction
In this book he claims that sugar, chocolate, meat and cheese release opiates in the brain. You can view a presenation on this below:
PCRM addictive foods
Sugar, chocolate, and meat trigger the release of opiates within the brain. Researchers have proven that foods have opiate effects by using an opiate-blocking medicine called naloxone. Cheese produces mild opiates called casomorphins, as it digests.
These drug-like effects of foods help explain why we get “hooked” on some foods and not others.
Certain good habits help us reduce the lure of “addicting” foods. Having a healthy breakfast, getting plenty of sleep, physical exercise, and other steps can really help.
From these examples, we can see that these respected vegan physicians believe that food addiction is a real issue. They suggest sticking to whole foods which are less addictive. Obviously, fruits and vegetables are a part of that. Joel Kahn goes a step forward and offers evidence to show that even cooked whole foods like wheat and rice can be addictive.
1. The science tends to suggest that Food Addiction is a real concern
2. The consumption of certain foods can trigger the brain’s reward centres in an unhealthy way leading to an addiction to that food.
3. The most addictive foods tend to be processed and cooked foods, often with the addition of salt, sugar and oil
4. Fruits and vegetables tend to be rated among the least addictive foods.
The Symptoms Of Food Addiction
Though the science on which foods are addictive is not fully settled we can look at our own behaviour to see if we have the symptoms of food addiction. If you have experienced any of the following symptoms you may have a food addiction:
1. End up eating more than planned when you start eating certain foods
2. Keep eating certain foods even if you’re no longer hungry or eat to the point of feeling ill
3. When certain foods aren’t available, go out of your way to obtain them
4. You eat certain foods so often or in such large amounts that you start eating food instead of working, spending time with the family, or doing recreational activities.
5. You avoid professional or social situations where certain foods are available because of fear of overeating.
6. You have problems functioning effectively at your job or school because of food and eating.
7. Routinely eating more quickly than others
8. A tendency to try and keep eating habits a secret
9. Feelings of guilt after eating episodes
10. Routinely attempting to compensate for overeating through dieting or purging.
11. When you give in and start eating a food you were craving, you often find yourself eating much more than you intended to.
12. You sometimes make excuses in your head about why you should eat something that you are craving
Your Ultimate Winter Fruit Guide
Women’s Health have just published an article called “Your Ultimate Winter Fruit Guide”. It goes through the 7 fruits that it recommends as being the best during the winter season.
Let’s have a look through what they have chosen
The article states: “Skip the OJ and go straight for whole oranges—you’ll get way less sugar and more fiber per serving along with that crucial immunity-boosting vitamin C. “I like to pair an orange with some pistachios for a perfectly balanced and nutrient-dense snack,” says Mia Zarlengo, R.D. A recent 15-year study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition also found that those who regularly eat flavonoid-rich oranges are less likely to develop macular degeneration.”
Our commments: Citrus in general comes into season in winter and oranges are part of that. How they have worked out there is less sugar in an unjuiced orange is unclear as juicing does not create sugar!
For some people, pairing orange with pistachio would not be a perfect combination. We would suggest you eat oranges as a monomeal or mono snack as they are perfect on their own.
The article says: “It can be tempting to grab a can of pears year-round, but trust: Eating them fresh and in-season is worth the wait. The fall and winter fruit is a great source of fiber (even more than apples!), which keeps you regular, Zarlengo says.”
Our comments: Who eats cans of pears?! Calling a fruit a great source of fibre always seems like an unusual understatement. Pears are a delicious and calorie dense fruit that are pretty underrated.
The article says: Cranberries probably can’t help with your UTI (sorry!), but a review in the journal Advances in Nutrition links cranberry consumption to tons of health benefits, including lower cholesterol levels and a reduced risk of coronary disease, diabetes, and inflammation. (Not too shabby for this humble Thanksgiving side.)
Our comments: Cranberries are a huge industry in the US partly because of it’s use as a sauce during the holidays. In recent years it has been connected with anti-Cancer properties which have helped to launch a large cranberry juice industry also. However, Cranberries are virtually unedible raw and generally are sweetened with sugar. Not an ideal winter fruit but better than nothing if cranberry sauce is the only fruit you get all year!
The article says: Pomegranates provide a healthy dose of antioxidants, which can protect your bod from free-radical damage that’s linked to signs of aging and disease, Zarlengo says. The winter fruit is also high in fiber and potassium. And they taste amazing whether you’re enjoying the juice or the arils (the edible seeds inside the fruit).
Our comments: Virtually every comment here can be applied to all fruits. These benefits are not unique to the pomegranate. However if this convinces people to eat more pomegranates then that is excellent.
The article says: These delicious sugary-sweet winter fruits are “packed with a lot of different vitamins and minerals for a multitude of health benefits,” says Zarlengo. Specifically, a review from the journal Advances in Horticultural Science says persimmons have a high level of antioxidants that may help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (although more research is needed on that front).
Our comments: Truly the king of winter fruit! A fruit that you can eat as your staple during winter if you choose. Makes a wonderful smoothie on its own but fantastic and very satisfying eaten alone. Once again, the benefits in the article can be attributed to all fruits.
The article says: I love a good orange or grapefruit for its ability to wake me right up, but they’re not exactly portable—which is so key during that morning rush. “Clementines have the same benefits as oranges,” says Zarlengo (read: vitamin C) “and these small fruits make a perfect grab-and-go snack.”
Our comments: It seems a bit redundant to put clementines and oranges in the same article. Also, since when are Oranges not portable 🙂 🙂
The article says: Grapefruits are high in nutrients like vitamin A and C, the antioxidant lycopene, and fiber—making it a great citrus alternative to oranges when you’re in the mood. But check with your doctor about eating them if you’re on antibiotics or another prescription med, as a compound in grapefruits has been known to interfere with certain drugs.
Our comments: Supposedly, it is true that Grapefruits can interfere with certain drugs. It is highly unlikely that Grapefruits were the cause of the problem leading to the drugs though. It’s very hard to get sweet grapefruit in the UK so it is very hard to make it a big part of your diet. Can be a great sharp addition to a juice or salad.
All of these fruits are wonderful for winter, and many you can get all throughout the year. The benefits attributed to these fruits can virtually be connected to all fruits. Various industries however have had the money to research the benefits of specific fruits and promote the outcomes of that research to create the impression that those benefits are only connected with that one fruit.
As we get more fruit from South America and South Africa and other places in the Southern Hemisphere we are getting better and better fruit all year round in the UK. If something looks good to you give it a taste even if it seems out of season. It may be perfectly in season from where it has come from.
Cancer And A Raw Vegan Diet – Interview With Don Bennett
Last year, I interviewed Don Bennett, raw vegan speaker and author, about his thoughts on Cancer and a raw vegan diet. His views do not necessarily represent the views of the Fruitfest on this subject.
This should not be taken as medical advice and you should always speak to your own doctor with any concerns you have regarding Cancer.
You can watch the whole interview right here:
Fruit and veg could become unaffordable for many people after no-deal Brexit
Could this be bad news for fruit and veg lovers in the UK? Research suggests that a “no deal Brexit” could lead to higher costs of fruit and vegetables. THis is according to an article released on Metro.co.uk which you can view HERE.
The article states:
Currently, the UK imports around 90% of the fruits and vegetables it consumes and almost half of all meat. If these levels were to decrease, it could lead to the deaths of up to 5,600 people per year by 2027 and cost the NHS an additional £600 million per year, the study suggests.
Most of these additional deaths would be due to cancer, coronary heart disease and stroke, all of which can be linked to a reduced consumption of fruits, vegetables and nuts. If we do not have a deal on trade by March 29, the day we officially leave the EU, then imports are expected to be more expensive, which could cause changes to the diet of millions of people.
The study, conducted by Dr Marco Springmann of the Oxford Martin School, wrote in The Conversation: ‘Brexit is expected to increase trade costs and make food imports more expensive, something that could lead to changes in diets and dietary risk factors that influence health. ‘Foods that are critical for good health would be especially affected.’
‘Given the UK’s import dependence, in particular for fruit and vegetables, any Brexit-related increase in trade costs will make it harder to get hold of foods that are critical components of healthy diets and chronic-disease prevention.
‘Whatever form Brexit might take, our analysis suggests that it will significantly impact the British food system and negatively affect the health and welfare of British citizens.’ The figures were worked out by comparing the forecasts for changes in the food chain with how disease risk is affected by dietary change.
This is not good news for fruit and veg lovers in the UK, many of who already believe prices for fruit and veg are expensive enough as it is.
It particularly interesting to note how connected the consumption of fruits and vegetables are to disease and health care spending. Would it not make sense to try to subsidise these foods for the population?
What are you thoughts? Is this just more scaremongering or are we in for a tough time after Brexit? Feel free to share the post and leave your comments below.